Home > ROKA Policy > Major policies > Peace Keeping Operation
UN Peace Keeping Operation started from collective good to settle down perpetual peace system by peacefully solving conflicts and event in the world.
With The U.N foundation in 1945, the U.N Charter said that the U.N Security Council could exert their military force in the case of threat, damage and aggressive acts to peace and described an international peace and security as its fundamental objectives.
With those backgrounds, PKO started from UN Truce Supervision Organization in 1948 and has tried to solve conflicts in 61 nations around the globe. PKO became one of the major UN operations to maintain international peace and security and has performed multi-level of tasks such as reconstruction support and public security maintenance compared to initial tasks.
International organization, various NGOs and militaries are involving in PKO. Military personnel have two types; Peace keeping force and Military observer group. The first carry out disarmament, public security maintenance and humanitarian aid under the entitled power form the UN. The Second is responsible for patrolling, investigation and arbitration.
In the beginning of 21 century, a lot of nations are actively carrying out PKO missions as growing PKO has requested nations around the world to participate in. Today, 90,000 personnel from 118 nations are in charge of PKO mission.